作者:泛亚电竞登录 发布时间:2023-02-22 00:32


动词后+不定式或者动名词作宾语,分四种情况。1、只+ to do,不+doing;如decide to do sth.(必须背过)2、只+ doing,不+to do;如finish doing sth.(必须背过)3、+ doing,或者to do,寄义区别不大; 如start doing sth. ; start to do sth.4、+doing,或者to do,寄义差别:如stop doing sth. ; stop to do sth.(必须背过)一、只+ to do,不+doing。(24 + 10)基础版:提升版:经典例句(注意not 的翻译): (1)She told me that she had decided not to play computer gamesagain. 她告诉我她决议不会再玩电子游戏了。

(2)She told me that she had not decided to play computer games again. 她告诉我她还没有决议再次玩电脑游戏。二、只+ doing,不+to do;(34)三、+ doing,或者to do,寄义区别不大start, begin, prefer 这四个动词+doing或者to do寄义区别不大。He began to work/ working as soon as he got there.He prefers watching football to playing it.I’d prefer not to discuss this issue.注意:prefer to do rather than do,prefer doing to doing是牢固搭配,不能混用。

四、+doing,或者to do,寄义差别(11个)(1) remember to do sth. 记着要做某事remember doing sth. 记着曾做过某事(2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事(3) regret to do sth. 忏悔(遗憾)要做某事regret doing sth. 忏悔(遗憾)曾做过某事(4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果(5) mean to do sth. 计划做某事mean doing sth. 意味着做某事(6) can’t help to do sth. 不能资助做某事can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事(7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事(8) stop to do sth. 停下往复做另一件事;stop doing sth.停止做当前的事情(9) be/get used to doing 习惯于做某事; used to do 已往经常做某事; be used to do 被用来做(10) want / need/ require doing sth. 跟动名词表现被动= want/need/require to be done(11) like/ hate doing喜欢/讨厌某种行为(经常性)like/ hate to do 喜欢/讨厌去做某事(特定的某一次)五、含有介词to的常考短语(18个)(1) be addicted to 沦落于;对......上瘾He is addicted to fishing.他沦落于钓鱼(2) devote oneself to doing sth. /be devoted to doing sth.献身于做某事/专心致志于做某事……She devoted herself to helping the poor.她致力于资助穷人。He devotes his time to reading.他的时间都用于念书Her life was devoted to caring for the sick and needy. 她一生都致力于体贴照顾贫病交迫的人。(3) be equal to doing sth.即是做某事,能胜任做某事This is equal to saying that he knows her well.这就即是说他很熟悉她She didn’t feel equal to receiving visitors.她感应身体不适,不能会客(4) object to doing sth. 阻挡做某事have an objection to doing sth.阻挡(反感)做某事He objected to being treated like a child.他阻挡被看成小孩看待He has a strong objection to getting up so early.他很反感这么早就起床(5) be opposed to doing sth. 阻挡做某事I’m opposed to telling him the news at once.我阻挡马上告诉他这个消息(6) reduce sb. to doing sth.使某人沦为......Hunger reduced them to stealing.饥饿使他们沦落为盗贼He was reduced to begging for food.最后他沦为乞丐(7) pay attention to doing sth.注意做某事We should pay more attention to uniting and working the comrades who differ with us.我们应该更注意团结那些与自己意见差别的同志(8) be used to doing sth./ be accustomed to doing sth. 习惯于做某事John has got used to sleeping late.约翰已习惯很晚睡觉了。

I am not accustomed to being treated like this.我不习惯被这样看待(9) get down to doing sth.开始做某事,认真处置惩罚某事After lunch we got down to discussing the issue of pay.午餐之后,我们开始认真讨论酬劳的问题。(10) look forward to doing sth.盼愿做某事I look forward to hearing from you. 盼早日收到你的来信。(11) come /be near/close to doing sth. 险些快要做某亊I was near to screaming.我险些喊叫起来。

We had an outstanding season and came so close to winning the title again. 我们这个赛季不错,差点又赢得了谁人头衔。(12) in addition to doing sth .除做某事之外In addition to giving me some advice, he gave me some money.他不光我提了些忠告,而且了我一些钱(13) key to doing sth.做某事的关键Yet transportation is the key to getting this food to the children and their families. 交通是把这食物送给那些孩子和他们家人的关健。

(14) make contributions to 对......做孝敬Everyone should make a contribution to protecting the environment. 每小我私家都应当对掩护情况做出孝敬(15) when it comes to...... 谈到......时There is no shortage of ideas when it comes to improving the education of children. 当谈及改善孩子的教育时,是不缺乏主意的。(16) on one’s way to doing . . . 处在去做某亊的历程中Alice just got into medical school. She’s on her way to becoming a doctor. 爱丽丝刚进入医学院学习,她将成为一名医生.(17) lead to: 导致Hard work leads to success. Laziness leads to failing the exam. 努力事情带来乐成,懒惰导致考试失败。注意:在写作中,lead to,可以用来替换if引导的主将从现的句子。If you work hard, you will succeed. = Hard work leads to success.(18)stick to: 坚持Perhaps she should have stuck to writing.也许她应该坚持写作。

六、中学英语中可接双宾语的50个常用动词(标黄的25个所有人必须背过)双宾语易位时需借助介词to 的常用动词award sb sth = award sth.to sb. 颁奖给某人2. bring sb sth =bring sth. to sb. 把某物带给某人3. give sb. sth =give sth. to sb. 把某物给木人4. hand sb. sth =hand sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人5. lend sb. sth =lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人6. mail sb. sth =mail sth. to sb. 将某物奇给某人7. offer sb. sth =offer sth. to sb. 将某物给某人8. owe sb. sth =owe sth. to sb. 欠某人某物9. pass sb. sth =pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人10. pay sb. sth =pay sth. to sb. 付给某人某物(钱)post sb. sth =post sth. to sb. 把某物读给某人听read sb. sth =read sth. to sb. 把某物读给某人听13. return sb. sth =return sth. to sb. 把某物还给某人14. send sb. sth =send sth. to sb. 把某物送给某人15. sell sb. sth =sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人serve sb. sth =serve sth. to sb. 拿某物招待某人17. show sb. sth =show sth. to sb 拿某物给某人看.18. take sb. sth =take sth. to sb. 把某物拿给某人19. teach sb. sth =teach sth. to sb. 教某人某物20. tell sb. sth =tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某情况throw sb. sth =throw sth. to sb. 把某物扔给某人write sb. sth =write sth. to sb. 给某恩写信(2) 双宾语易位时需借助介词for 的常用动词23. book sb. sth =book sth. for sb. 为某人预订某物24. buy sb. sth =buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物25. choose sb. sth =choose sth. for sb. 为某人选某物cook sb. sth =cook sth. for sb. 为某人煮某物draw sb. sth =draw sth. for sb. 为某人画某物fetch sb. sth =fetch sth. for sb. 为某人去取某物29. find sb. sth =find sth. for sb. 为某人找某物fix sb. sth =fix sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物31. get sb. sth =get sth. for sb. 为某人拿来某物32. make sb. sth =make sth. for sb. 为某人做某物prepare sb. sth =prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物save sb. sth =save sth. for sb. 为某人留某物sing sb. sth =sing sth. for sb. 为某人唱歌spare sb. sth =spare sth. for sb. 为某人让出某物steal sb. sth =steal sth. for sb. 为某人偷某物lose sb. sth =lose sth. for sb. 为某人献出某物(生命)39. order sb. sth =order sth. for sb. 为某人订购某物pick sb. sth =pick sth. for sb. 为某人采摘某物(3)有的动词后接双宾语时,既不能用介词to引出间接宾语,也不能用介词for引出间接宾语,如allow, ask, cause, charge, cost, fenvy, orgive, refuse等: He allows his son too much money. 他给他儿子的钱太多。He asked me some questions. 他问了我一些问题。This caused me much trouble. 这给我带来了许多贫苦。

He charged me five dollars for a cup of tea. 他一杯茶向我要了5美元。His mistake cost him his job. 他的错误让他丢了事情。I envy you your good luck. 我羡慕你的好运。

They forgave him his rudeness. 他们原谅了他的冒失。He refused her nothing. 她要什么就给什么。(4)加to/for均可以的49. He played us the record he had just bought. = He played the record he had just bought for [to] us. 他放了他刚买的唱片给我们听。

50. They left me no food. = They left no food for me. 他们没给我留一点食物。My uncle left me a large fortune. = My uncle left a large fortune to me. 我叔叔死后留下一大笔产业给我。(以上内容由曹老师经心整理,转载请标明出处!)。